Charles Tull

From Hotels of Ballarat
Charles Tull
Born 18 May 1823
Padworth, Berkshire, England
Died 25 August 1887
Yea, Victoria, Australia.
Occupation Baker
Years active 1862-1866
Known for London Hotel
Try Again Hotel
Home town Illabarook (Bulldog)
Spouse(s) Harriet Grubb (1828-1893)
Children Emma Elizabeth (1846)
Charles (1847)
Eunice (1848)
Anne Lucy (1849)
George Edward (1851)
Harriet (1852)
(John 1856)
Jane 1858
Charles (1862
Louise (1865)
Edward (1865)
  • Johnothan Tull (father)
  • Marion Hawkins (mother)

Charles Tull was a publican in Illabarook, Victoria, <1862-1866>.

History[edit | edit source]

Charles Tubb was born 18 May 1823, Padworth, Berkshire, England, the son of Johnothan Tull and Marion Hawkins.[1] He married Harriet Grubb (one source has Harriet Wetton[2] in Paddington, London, England on 18 September 1843.[1]

They had five children in England: Emma Elizabeth (1846), Charles (1847), Eunice (1848), Anne Lucy (1849), George Edward (1851),

Charles Tull, wife and family, are reported as having arrived in Melbourne on the 29 September 1851, from London, via Adelaide, on the 571 ton barque, Blundell.[3] A daughter, Harriet (1852) was born in Williamstown on 16 February 1852, and son John in 1856.[1] Another daughter, Jane, was born at Pleasant Creek, Stawell, in 1858.[1] The family must have returned to England as the Harriet. John, and Jane, were baptised in London in 1859.

The family again emigrated to Australia, arriving on 22 July 1859. His occupation was given as a baker.[4]

A letter from the passengers, including Charles and Harriett Tull, thanking the Captain for the journey was published in the Argus:

SHIP NORFOLK. To CAPTAIN CHARLETON. At Sea, July 21, 1859. Dear Sir,-On the eve of our separation, after a very speedy and pleasant voyage, we, the undersigned passengers, have great pleasure in offering to you our sincere thanks for the great desire you have always evinced to promote the comfort and happiness of all under your care. We have also much pleasure in bearing testimony to the very gentlemanly conduct of your 1st and 2nd officers, Messrs. Collard and Haslam, including Dr. Vaux, to all of whom we desire, through you, to return our best thanks for their kindness and courtesy on all occasions. We consider ourselves fortunate in having selected so fine a ship as the Norfolk, which in speed and comfort are so much combined. Therefore, please to accept our warmest wishes that your future passages may be as successful as the present. We are, yours respectfully,...Harriet Tull, Charles Tull.[5]

In January 1861, Tull, living at Lucky Woman's (later known as Happy Valley), was listed as holding one £50 share (of 50) in the Lucky Gold Mining Company, operating at Ivanhoe Flat, Lucky Woman's.[6] In February 1861, Tull is listed as not having paid a call on his share, and is threatened with legal action unless he pays £4 4s.[7]

On 5 June 1862 the London Hotel was to be sold by auction because Tull had become insolvent:

THIS DAY.To Publicans, Bakers, Storekeepers, and Others. In the Insolvent Estate of CHARLES TULL, of Bull Dog Diggings, Publican and Storekeeper. MITCHISON BROTHERS will sell by auction, on the above-named day, on the premises at Bull Dog, without reserve. The substantially built property known as the London Hotel, Containing bar, parlor, dining room, six bed rooms, stables, and outhouses. Also, adjoining the above, a large WEATHERBOARD STORE (zinc roof), bake-house, kitchen, and outhouses, the whole enclosed with a stout fence, and situated in the centre of the diggings. Also, The whole of the STOCK-IN-TRADE, consisting of wines, beers and spirits, a huge assortment of groceries and oilmen's stores, teas, sugar, flour, jams, fruits, oils, pickles, salt, drapery, slops, boots and shoes, ropes, and an endless assortment of goods required in a general store, household furniture, crockery and glassware, horse, cart and harness, baking utensils, and sundries, the whole of which will be sold unreservedly. The Auctioneers would call attention to this bona fide sale of the only hotel on these diggings, which was recently erected (with the stores) at a cost of £800, and commands a large trade. The stock is all new, and of the best description, and altogether a finer opportunity for commencing business on an extensive scale could not occur. Sale will commence at twelve o'clock punctually. Terms-Cash.[8]

In July 1862, Charles Tull, of Bulldog Diggings, was listed as insolvent at the Geelong Insolvency Court.[9]

A son, Charles, was born at Bulldog in September 1862[2]:

On the 25th September, at her residence, Bull Dog, Rokewood, the wife of Charles Tull, of a son.[10]

In October 1862 and June 1863, Charles Tull was granted the license for the London Hotel on the Bulldog Diggings, now known as Illabarook.[11][12]

In June 1863 George Webster had come up with a plan to deal with the insolvency:

IN the Insolvent Estate of Charles Tull, of Bulldog Diggings, in the Colony of Victoria, publican.—Geelong Circuit District.—Notice is hereby given that an Account and Plan of Distribution of available Assets in the above Estate now lies at the Office of the Commissioner of Insolvent Estates for the Circuit District of Geelong, in the Colony of Victoria, at the Insolvent Court, Myers-street, Geelong, for the inspection of the creditors thereof, and that any Creditors or other person interested therein objecting to the same must lodge a Caveat stating the grounds of such objection, at the office of the said Commissioner of Insolvent Estates within sixteen days from the date hereof. Dated at Geelong, this Tenth day of June, A.D., 1863. GEORGE WEBSTER. Official Assignee.[13]

In March 1864, Tull was listed as being insolvent, but did not appear at either the first or second hearings at the Geelong Insolvency Court.[14]

Charles Tull, of Bulldog, storekeeper. Debts £622 8s 6d; assets, £314; deficit, £278 8s 6d. Causes of insolvency-Alleged illegal sale under a bill of sale held by Messrs Cameron, Gibson and Company, whom the insolvent accuses of a breach of faith.[15]

The Official Assignee began to sell Tull's assets to raise money a week later:

SMYTHESDALE. SATURDAY, 12th MARCH. To Miners, Speculators, and Others. In the insolvent Estate of CHARLES TULL, Storekeeper, Bulldog. A. E. COHEN has received instructions from the Official Assignee, with consent of the Mortgagee, to sell by public auction on Saturday, 12th March, at the store lately occupied by Mr M. Cashmore, Brooke street. Smythesdale, Two 36th full working shares in the Bull Dog Gold Mining Company, Western Creek, Bull Dog. Also, two 80th full working shares in the Plantagenet Gold Mining Company, Bull Dog, the property of the abovenamed insolvent. Also, a clearing sale of various shares, and saddlery, watches, groceries, wines, spirits, and beers, tobacco, cigars, &c. Sale to commence at two o'clock p.m. sharp. Terms-cash. No reserve. A E. COHEN, Auctioneer, &c, Brooke street, Smythesdale, and Sussex street. Linton.[16]

In April 1864 the following notice was published in the newspapers:

IN the INSOLVENT ESTATE of CHARLES TULL, of Bulldog Diggings, in the Colony of Victoria, Storekeeper.-No. 1369.-Geelong Circuit District. George Webster, Esq., of Geelong, being the Official Assignee appointed for the estate and effects of Charles Tull, the abovenamed insolvent, notice is hereby given, that all debts due to the estate are to be paid to him, the said Official Assignee, and that the THIRD PUBLIC MEETING of the CREDITORS of the said insolvent will be holden before me, at my office, Myers street, Geelong, on Wednesday, the 4th day of May next, at the hour of eleven o'clock in the forenoon, for proof of debts, to receive the report of the Official Assignee as to the condition of the said estate, and to give him directions as to the future management thereof. Dated at Geelong this 27th day of April, A.D. 1864. J. W. WALDEN, for the Commissioner of Insolvent Estates, Circuit District of Geelong.[17]

In August 1864, Tull took action over an act of vandalism:

MALICIOUSLY BREAKING A DOOR.—Charles Tull v William Kemp. The defendant in this did not appear. The police stated the summons was left on the table in defendant's tent, but it was supposed he had left the locality a couple of days previously. The Bench directed a fresh summons to be issued without charge.[18]

In October 1864, Tull took action at the Rokewood Court to recover money owed to him:

DEBT—L2 1s. Charles Tull v Edward Mining. Tho defendant did not appear. Case dismissed, the plaintiff not being able to prove to the service of the summons. DEBT—L1. Charles Tull v James Hogan. Settled out of court.[19]

In October 1864 Tull advertised that he was going to seek a discharge of his insolvency:

In the Supreme Court of Colony of Victoria, the INSOLVENCY JURISDICTION. In the Estate of CHARLES TULL, of Bulldog, in the Colony of Victoria, Storekeeper and Publican, insolvent. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, That it is the intention of Charles Tull, the above-named insolvent, on Monday, the twenty-eighth day of November next, at ten o'clock in the forenoon, to apply to his Honor Charles Babington Brewer, Esq., Commissioner of Insolvent Estates for the Geelong Circuit District, in the said colony, for a Certificate of Discharge herein pursuant to the Act of Council in that case made and provided. Dated this twenty-second day of October, 1864. ALFRED C. AKEHURST, Lydiard street, Ballarat. Attorney for the said Charles Tull.[20]

Two more children, Louise and Edward, were born at Bulldog in 1865.[1]

In January 1865 and October 1866, Tull was granted a license for the Try Again Hotel at Bulldog.[21][22] This hotel is later described as being at Piggoreet.

Tull moved to Yea where his daughter Harriet had moved after her marriage.

In June 1868 he was advertising his business as a bread and biscuit maker at Ghin Ghin, 10kms north of Yea:

CHARLES TULL, Bread and Biscuit Baker, GHIN GHIN. 4 b Loaf 9d., delivered at any distance, and Warranted Full Weight.[23]

In October 1868, Tull applied for a license to open a new hotel:

APPLICATION FOR A PUBLICAN'S LICENCE. To the Bench of Magistrates at Yea. I, CHARLES TULL Baker, now residing at Higinbotham, near Yea, in the colony of Victoria, do hereby give notice that it is my intention to apply to the Justices sitting at the Court of Petty Sessions, to be holden at Yea, on the 13th day of October, 1868, for a Certificate authorising the issue of a Publican's Licence, for a house situated at Higinbotham, owned by me, containing five rooms, and is not licensed. Dated this 29th day of September, 1868. CHARLES TULL.[24]

Tull's horse was accidentally shot dead by a neighbour on 20 March 1871:

FELONIOUSLY KILLING. William George White was charged with having, on the 20th March, feloniously killed one horse, the property of Charles Tull, at Higinbotham. Mr Byrne, instructed by Mr Meade, for prisoner, who pleaded Not Guilty. Charles Tull, a miner, deposed : I remember Sunday, 20th March; I know the prisoner. I had two horses, they were branded SN on near shoulder. I turned them out on the afternoon of the day named. At night I heard a shot and went out; saw the horses outside. The night was dark; it was I only next morning I saw a pool of blood near where the horses, and I traced the blood to prisoner's fence, were I found the horse wounded and it died the same day. It had a hole in its shoulder, as if from a shot, and some powder marks were about the hole. The skin of the animal was here produced as, a well as a small stone which witness alleged was taken from the carcass. Alfred Addison, gave evidence to the effect a that the prisoner was firing blank shots of powder - on the evening in question - witness heard abort a dozen shots that evening. He gave it as his impression that prisoner never intended to shoot a horse. Harriet Tull, wife of prosecutor, deposed on oath that prisoner came to their place on the morning of the 27th, and, in answer to a question said that the last witness had been out shooting opossums. Thomas H. Cooper, formerly a police constable at Yea, gave testimony as to the wound on the horse, and to the small stone being taken from the wound, and the hair on the surface being singed. Mr Byrne then addressed the jury for the defence, and His Honor summed up to the jury. The jury returned a verdict of "Not Guilty" after a few minutes deliberation, and prisoner was discharged.[25]

He died at Yea on 25 August 1887.[1]

His wife died in June 1893, and her obituary in the Yea Chronicle, gave details of her life:

One of the oldest residents in the district, Mrs. Harriet Tull, dropped dead on Sunday. evening. At 10 minutes past 5 o'clock two little boys went in to her shop to buy some thing, and as she was in the act of serving them she dropped dead, heart disease being the immediate cause. Mrs. Tull arrived at Williamstown in 1855, and soon afterwards proceeded to the Ballarat dliggings with her husband, and was the general custom in those days. Twenty-eight to thirty years ago she came to this district, where she resided up to the time of her death. Her husband, the late Mr. Charles Tull, met with a similar death half-a-dozen years ago, and it was befitting to the old lady, who worked hard in her garden, of which she was very found, as well as attended to her shop, from early morn till late at night. She was a kind-hearted, good-natured old soul, and every boy and girl in Yea looked forward to a visit to her fruit and confectionery shop, for she had a knack of finding out what the little ones most liked, and catered for them accordingly. The late Mrs. Tull had no less than eighteen sons and daughters, but of that number only two sons and three daughters now supervise, but the loss is compensated for, to some extent, by innumerable grand-children. The deceased was nearly 73 years of age, her birthday dating as far back as the 2nd of October, in the year 1820. Considering the very wet weather, the funeral, which took place on Tuesday afternoon in the Yea Cemetery, was largely attended, and the burial service was impressively read by the Rev. C. H. Barnes, the Rev. D. Milne being also present at the funeral, as well as most of the business people in the township, thus testifying to the general esteem in which the deceased was held by those who knew her best during her long residence amongst them.[26]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 dar391, 'Tull, Charles, Family Tree',,
  2. 2.0 2.1 Tull, Charles, Australian Birth Index, 1862, Victoria, Ref. No. 21652
  3. 1851 'SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 30 September, p. 2. , viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  4. Charles Tull, Victoria, Australia, Assisted and Unassisted Passenger Lists, 1839-1923
  5. 1859 'Advertising', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 23 July, p. 1. , viewed 22 Aug 2019,
  6. 1861 'Advertising', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 4 January, p. 3. , viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  7. 1861 'Advertising', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 21 February, p. 4. , viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  8. 1862 'Advertising', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 5 June, p. 3. , viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  9. 1862 'GEELONG INSOLVENT COURT MEETINGS.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 8 July, p. 3. , viewed 20 Aug 2019,
  10. 1862 'Family Notices', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 23 October, p. 2. , viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  11. 1862 'LINTON POLICE COURT.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 25 October, p. 2. , viewed 20 Aug 2019,
  12. 1863 'LINTON POLICE COURT.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 29 June, p. 4. , viewed 19 Aug 2019,
  13. 1863 'Advertising', Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1929), 11 June, p. 1. , viewed 22 Aug 2019,
  14. 1864 'GEELONG INSOLVENT COURT.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 25 March, p. 1. (SUPPLEMENT TO THE STAR.), viewed 20 Aug 2019,
  15. 1864 'NEW INSOLVENTS.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 1 March, p. 2. , viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  16. 1864 'Advertising', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 11 March, p. 3. , viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  17. 1864 'Advertising', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 28 April, p. 7. , viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  18. 1864 'ROKEWOOD PETTY SESSIONS.', Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1929), 16 August, p. 3. , viewed 20 Aug 2019,
  19. 1864 'ROKEWOOD PETTY SESSIONS.', Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1929), 20 October, p. 2. , viewed 20 Aug 2019,
  20. 1864 'Advertising', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 24 October, p. 3. , viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  21. 1865 'ROKEWOOD PETTY SESSIONS.', Geelong Advertiser (Vic. : 1859 - 1929), 27 January, p. 2. , viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  22. 1866 'POLICE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 18 October, p. 4. , viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  23. 1868 'Advertising', Alexandra Times (Vic. : 1868 - 1877), 2 June, p. 4. (MORNINGS), viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  24. 1868 'Advertising', Alexandra Times (Vic. : 1868 - 1877), 6 October, p. 3. (MORNING.), viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  25. 1871 'KILMORE GENERAL SESSIONS.', Kilmore Free Press (Kilmore, Vic. : 1870 - 1954), 22 June, p. 4. (MORNING.), viewed 21 Aug 2019,
  26. 1893 'NEWS AND NOTES.', Yea Chronicle (Yea, Vic. : 1891 - 1920), 15 June, p. 2. (MORNING.), viewed 21 Aug 2019,

External links[edit | edit source]