City of York Hotel

From Hotels of Ballarat
City of York Hotel
Picture needed
Town Ballarat
Street Cnr. Ligar and Clarendon Streets
Known dates 1861-1936
Evidence Building still standing

The City of York Hotel was a hotel in Ballarat, Victoria, <1861-1936.

Site[edit | edit source]

The City of York Hotel was on the north west corner of Ligar and Clarendon Streets.[1], Soldiers Hill.[2][3] This is now 102 Clarendon Street.

Background[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

The hotel was put up for auction in February 1871:

THIS DAY, SATURDAY, 18th FEBRUARY, At One o'clock. For Unreserved Sale by Auction (By Order of the Mortgagee), THE CITY OF YORK HOTEL AND STORE, Ligar Street, Soldiers' Hill. WILLIAM JACKSON has received instructions to submit to auction, on the ground, on Saturday, the 18th day of February instant, at One o'clock, The above well-known HOTEL and STORE, - corner of Ligar and Clarendon streets. Soldiers' Hill. The house, which is a two-storey brick building, contains bar, large store, parlor, two sittingrooms, six bedrooms, cellar, three-stall stable, &c. Terms— One-third Cash, balance at Six and Twelve Months. Cabs will leave the Auctioneer's Office at Half-past Eleven o'clock. WILLIAM JACKSON, Auctioneer, &c., Chancery lane.[4]

There was a problem with the license in January 1898:

An adjourned application in respect of the license of the City of York hotel, Ligar street, came before the Licensing Court yesterday. The license was renewed in 1896 in the name of the wife of the former licensee, now deceased, as administratrix of her deceased husband’s estate. She, however, failed to apply for a transfer into her own name at the annual sitting last year. The matter was adjourned accordingly, and yesterday a renewal of the license was granted in her own name, all the necessary formalities having been complied with. Mr T. Mann appeared for Mrs Osburn, against whom no objections were offered by Inspector Young.[5]

In July 1909 money was stolen from the bedroom of the licensee:

MYSTERIOUS THEFT. SECRET RESTITUTION. Ballarat. 10th July. Yesterday Mrs. Emma Butler, licensee of the City of York hotel, reported to the police the theft of a bag containing £25 from a hiding place in her bed room. During the day the police made inquiries, and last night Mrs. Butler was agreeably surprised to find the bag now containing £20, hanging on the knob of the door of her room.[6]

In August 1916 a court action was taken against the licensee for non payment of bills:

In the city court on Tuesday Robert W. Fleming, trading as Goodfellow and Co., proceeded against Emma Butler (misreported as Mary Butler), licensee of the City of York Hotel, for the recovery of £32 18/, alleged to be due for cordials. The goods were supplied defendant during the period extending from January, 1889, to December, 1915. The defence was no liability, and that the statute of limitations was a bar to the claim. A sum of £4 9/8, which included 12/6 costs, was paid into court in full satisfaction of the claim. The bench made an order for this amount, no other costs being allowed.[7]

In June 1918 a man was found dead in the hotel's toilets:

Alexander Freeland, aged 65, of Melbourne, who was staying at the City of York Hotel, Ballarat East, went into an outhouse, where his dead body was found some minutes later.[8]

In March 1920 the hotel was one of 31 hotels in the district threatened with de-licensing by the Licenses Reduction Board.[9] The hearings were held at the Ballarat Supreme Court:

The City of York, hotel, Ballarat North, was next taken. Sergeant Rogers', stationed at Ballarat North, said the City of York Hotel was at the corner of Clarendon and Ligar streets, and Emma Butler was the licensee. The hotel contained 12 room's, six of which were fairly well furnished bedrooms. Four of those were for the convenience of the public. The North Star hotel, which was a quarter of a mile away, was a better building, and did a much better trade; It would cause a certain amount of inconvenience to patrons if the City of York was closed, for they would have to go a little further, but he would say the hotel was not required. Constable Morris stationed at Ballarat North, corroborated the evidence of the last witness. This was the evidence for the police. Emma Butler, licensee of the City of York hotel for 21 years, said there was not a mark against her in her conduct of the house. She had a running lease with the Ballarat Brewing Company, and she paid 30/ a week and all rates. Thomas C. Miller, clothier, etc., said he had resided for 25 years on the corner opposite that on which the City of York hotel was situated. A good middle class trade was done at the hotel. In his opinion, from an industrial point of view, Ballarat was going to be very prosperous in the near future. He considered that it would be most inconvenient to those living in the locality to have the place closed. It was a desirable hotel, capable of being better utilised. The board’s decision was reserved.[10]

In September 1921 the publican was charged with breaching licensing laws:

In the city court on Wednesday Percival Fisher, licensee of the City of York Hotel, Ligar-street, Ballarat North, was fined £5 on a charge of having had his bar door open during prohibited hours. A second charge of having permitted persons to remain in the hotel during such hours was withdrawn.[11]

In May 1928 there was an inquest into the death of a man in the hotel's wash house:

The deputy coroner (Mr. J. Fraser, J.P.) concluded his inquiry on Tuesday into the death of James Hogan, 66 years, laborer, whoso body was found at midnight on 3rd May in a wash house at the City of York Hotel. Dr. W. A. Spring said death was due to heart failure and kidney degeneration. In reply to the coroner, who said that n bottle labelled strychnine had been found upon deceased, witness said a chemical test would he necessary, to disclose the presence of strychnine; but there were no indications that strychnine had been taken. The condition of the organs named was a sufficient cause of death. Constable S. J. Speed said his inquiries showed no suspicious circumstances. A finding was returned accordingly.[12]

The hotel was delicensed in 1936.[3]

From 1939 to 1999 it was a grocer's store, then a draftsman's office, and from 2003 a B&B.[3]

Community Involvement[edit | edit source]

  • In July 1886, P. B. Ivey held a political meeting at the hotel.[13]

The People[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1862 'DISTRICT POLICE COURT.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 18 June, p. 2, viewed 12 February, 2014,
  2. 2.0 2.1 1863 'BALLARAT WEST PUBLICANS' ANNUAL LICENSING MEETING.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 12 June, p. 4, viewed 10 February, 2014,
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 2009, 'The Corner Shops of Ballarat: A history and directory', National Trust of Victoria, Ballarat Branch
  4. 1871 'Advertising', The Ballarat Courier (Vic. : 1869 - 1883; 1914 - 1918), 18 February, p. 3. , viewed 01 Apr 2020,
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 1898 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 13 January, p. 2. , viewed 14 Jun 2019,
  6. 6.0 6.1 1909 'MYSTERIOUS THEFT.', Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), 12 July, p. 3. , viewed 15 Jun 2019,
  7. 7.0 7.1 1916 'COUNTRY NEWS.', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 30 August, p. 8. , viewed 15 Jun 2019,
  8. 1918 'BALLARAT.', The Bendigo Independent (Vic. : 1891 - 1918), 8 June, p. 8. , viewed 15 Jun 2019,
  9. 9.0 9.1 1920 'COUNTRY NEWS.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 17 March, p. 9. , viewed 15 Jun 2019,
  10. 1920 'LICENCES REDUCTION BOARD.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 17 March, p. 4. , viewed 16 Jun 2019,
  11. 11.0 11.1 1921 'COUNTRY NEWS.', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 1 September, p. 8. , viewed 15 Jun 2019,
  12. 1928 'PROVINCIAL CITIES AND TOWNS', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 9 May, p. 18. , viewed 15 Jun 2019,
  13. 13.0 13.1 1886 'Advertising', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 29 July, p. 3. , viewed 20 Mar 2018,
  14. 1861 'LICENSING SESSIONS.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 14 June, p. 1. (SUPPLEMENT TO THE STAR.), viewed 05 Jun 2024,
  15. 1864 'DISTRICT PUBLICANS' LICENSING MEETING.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 2 July, p. 4. , viewed 12 Oct 2016,
  16. 1871 'CITY LICENSING BENCH.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 29 September, p. 4. , viewed 28 Feb 2021,
  17. 1873 'LICENSING BENCH.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 24 December, p. 4. , viewed 07 Nov 2018,
  18. 1883 'POLICE INTELLIGENCE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 26 May, p. 4. , viewed 30 May 2024,
  19. 1891 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 3 June, p. 2. , viewed 26 Apr 2017,
  20. 1893 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 13 May, p. 2. , viewed 11 Mar 2020,
  21. 1894 'BALLARAT LICENSING COURT.', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 15 March, p. 6. , viewed 31 Jul 2017,
  22. 1895 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 7 December, p. 2. , viewed 16 Mar 2018,
  23. 1899 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 9 March, p. 2. , viewed 25 Sep 2016,
  24. 1932 'BALLARAT AND DISTRICT.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 30 August, p. 9. , viewed 13 Aug 2023,


External Links[edit | edit source]