Cumberland and Durham Hotel

From Hotels of Ballarat
Cumberland and Durham Hotel
Picture needed
History
Town Ballarat
Street Bridge Street
Closed 1891
Known dates 1864-1891

The Cumberland and Durham Hotel was a hotel in Ballarat East, Victoria, <1864-1891.

Site[edit | edit source]

The hotel was in Bridge Street.[1]

Background[edit | edit source]

It was one of the 40 hotels closed in 1891 in Ballarat East as part of the changes to licensing laws.[2].[3]

History[edit | edit source]

In June 1864, Catherine Blackett advertised her intention to apply for the license on behalf of her husband:

TO the Bench of Magistrates at Ballarat East.-I, THOMAS BLACKETT, Licensed Publican, now residing in Bridge street, Ballarat East, do hereby give notice, that it is my intention to apply to the justices sitting at the Court of Petty Sessions, to be holden at Ballarat East, on the 1st day of July, 1864, for a Certificate authorising the issue of a Publican's License for a house situated in Bridge street, known by the sign of the Cumberland and Durham Hotel, containing one bar, two sitting-rooms, fourteen bedrooms, and one kitchen, &c. Dated at Ballarat, 16th June, 1864. For Thomas Blackett, (absent on leave,) CATHERINE BLACKETT.[4]

In January 1867, a William Bain of Melbourne reported having been robbed at the hotel:

A SERIOUS LOSS. SIR,-On the night of the 26th inst., I came from Melbourne to Ballarat by the last train, and stayed with my wife and family at the Cumberland and Durham hotel, Bridge street, Ballarat. Whilst there I was robbed of £24 12s contained in a purse which was abstracted from my pocket whilst asleep. The landlord refused to compensate me in any manner. This letter may caution parties visiting Ballarat to "take care of their pockets." Yours, &c., WILLIAM BAIN, Burra Cottage, 51 Little Park street, Emerald Hill, Melbourne.[1]

In 1869 the newspapers reported on the rebuilding works:

Lately the old wooden front of Mr F. Wilson’s Cumberland and Durham hotel disappeared, and in its stead has been built a lofty brick front that promises to make a handsome apparance. The hotel is also undergoing renovation internally, the cost of the whole work being £1000.[5]

In October 1869 the new building was damaged during a big flood in Ballarat:

Mr and Mrs Wilson, the tenants of the Cumberland and Durham hotel, now rebuilding, had great difficulty in escaping from their house, and Mrs Wilson and the children had to be handed horizontally through an aperture in the new brick wall, and were safely deposited in a cab that took them to higher ground. The newly excavated cellar is full of water, but the foundations do not appear shaken.[6]

In July 1873 the hotel was advertising for someone to supply them with geese, turkeys and poultry.[7]

In October 1873 the hotel was advertising it was selling "Hennessy's Three and One Star Brandy", "Real Jamaica Rum" and "Yellow Seal Gin."[8]

In July 1886 the publican, Sarah Ann Stoddart was charged:

Mrs Stoddart, landlady of the Cumberland and Durham hotel, Bridge street, was fined 10s, with costs, for issuing a promissory note not bearing the necessary stamp The document was for £60, and was drawn in favor of John Ham Palmer, at present an inmate of the Ararat Lunatic Asylum. Mr Inspector Parkinson informed the bench that he did not wish to press for a heavy penalty, as Mrs Stoddart had acted in ignorance of the law.[9]

The hotel was one of 72 Ballarat East hotels investigated by the License Reduction Board in 1888.[10] They recommended the 22 roomed hotel be kept open, but the board's decisions were challenged by publicans in Main Road.

There were problems in the transfer of the license in 1889:

The application for the transfer of the license of the Cumberland and Durham hotel, Bridge street, from Ann Stoddart to Mary Crawford, was objected to owing to the license previously held by the latter’s husband having been forfeited for misconduct. The application was withdrawn.[11]

Objection was also taken by the inspector to the transfer of the license of the Cumberland and Durham hotel to Mrs Crawford, on the ground that the license of the Specimen Hill hotel, formerly held by her husband, had been forfeited for breaches of the Licensing Act. In this case also the bench administered a severe caution as to the future conduct of the hotel.[12]

Following further hearings by the License Reduction Board in 1891, the hotel was listed to be closed. The owners were paid £1114 compensation for the closure of the business in 1891.[2]

In January 1893 the building was renamed as the Women's Christian Temperance Union Coffee Palace.[13]

Community Involvement[edit | edit source]

The People[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1867 'A SERIOUS LOSS.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 1 January, p. 2, viewed 7 August, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112860431
  2. 2.0 2.1 Hargreaves, John. Ballarat Hotels Past and Present, pg. 8, 1943, Ballarat
  3. 1891 'LOCAL OPTION IN BALLARAT EAST', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 21 September, p. 2. , viewed 01 Apr 2017, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article204315955
  4. 1864 'Advertising', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 22 June, p. 4. , viewed 15 Apr 2021, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66345878
  5. 5.0 5.1 1919 'FIFTY YEARS AGO.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 29 November, p. 10. , viewed 28 Jul 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article212675450
  6. 1869 'DAMAGE BY THE FLOOD.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 18 October, p. 1. (SUPPLEMENT TO THE BALLARAT STAR), viewed 02 May 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112855274
  7. 1873 'Advertising', The Ballarat Courier (Vic. : 1869 - 1880; 1914 - 1918), 7 July, p. 3. , viewed 06 Dec 2017, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article192277700
  8. 1873 'Advertising', The Ballarat Courier (Vic. : 1869 - 1880; 1914 - 1918), 15 October, p. 3. , viewed 17 Mar 2017, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article192285528
  9. 9.0 9.1 1886 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 2 July, p. 2. , viewed 01 Dec 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article204433989
  10. 1888 'THE BALLARAT LICENSING COURT.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 30 June, p. 14. , viewed 26 Feb 2017, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article6136822
  11. 11.0 11.1 >1889 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 26 October, p. 2. , viewed 02 Apr 2017, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article209459972.
  12. 12.0 12.1 1889 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 7 December, p. 2. , viewed 12 Oct 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article209576663
  13. 1893 'THE LATE LICENSED HOUSES IN BALLARAT EAST.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 19 January, p. 4. , viewed 29 Aug 2021, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article209781692
  14. 1864 'BALLARAT EAST LICENSING MEETING.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 2 July, p. 4. , viewed 18 Apr 2021, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66346135
  15. 1871 'NEWS AND NOTES.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 19 October, p. 2, viewed 23 December, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article197573515
  16. 1873 'LICENSING BENCH.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 23 December, p. 2. , viewed 09 Jun 2017, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article201608881
  17. 1874 'BALLARAT EAST LICENSING BENCH. ANNUAL MEETING.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 15 December, p. 4, viewed 17 December, 2015, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article208250314
  18. 1876 'POLICE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 11 August, p. 4. , viewed 30 Jul 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article199829923
  19. 1891 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 7 April, p. 2. , viewed 10 Jan 2020, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article209713546


External Links[edit | edit source]