Old Racecourse Hotel

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Old Racecourse Hotel
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History
Town Hepburn
Closed 1921
Known dates 1864-1921
Other names Brabant's Hotel
Hepburn Hotel

The Old Racecourse Hotel was a hotel in Hepburn, Victoria, <1864-1921.

Site[edit | edit source]

The hotel was described as being on the old racecourse at Hepburn, and also at the recreation reserve.

Background[edit | edit source]

Both Brabant's Hotel in the 1850s and the Hepburn Hotel from the 1920s are described as being at the same location. The publican, Joseph C. F. Milburn took over the hotel in October 1921, and by 1922 the hotel is being known as the Hepburn Hotel.


History[edit | edit source]

In March 1864, legal action was taken against the publican:

SALE OF SPIRITUOUS LIQUORS WITHOUT A WHOLESALE LICENSE.— It will be remembered that at the last Daylesford County Court, a case occurred in which Hallenstein and Ballin, wholesale storekeepers, sued Mr Myers, of the Old Racecourse Hotel, for £78 due for spirits sold. The chief defence was that the plaintiffs could not recover, they not being the holders of a wholesale license at the time of sale. After much argument, his Honor Judge Forbes reserved his decision (after taxing costs). We now learn that his Honor has given judgment for the defendant, with costs. This case is one of importance to publicans and storekeepers. A similar case recently came before Judge Brewer, at Geelong, in which he gave a verdict for the plaintiff. The judges in chambers evidently disagree with the Geelong justice. — Daylesford Mercury.[1]

In March 1865, the publican, Luci Bignole, was declared insolvent:

Luci Brignole, of the Old Racecourse, Daylesford, hotel-keeper. Causes of insolvency : Depression of business, losses in mining speculations and pressure of creditors. Liabilities, £1124 14s 8d assets, £674 0s 3d ; deficiency, £450 14s 5d. Mr Goodman, official assignee.[2]

In May 1886 the publican's daughter was badly burnt when her dress caught fire:

DAYLESFORD, Saturday. A sad accident happened on Thursday last to Miss Menz, daughter of the licensee of the Old Racecourse Hotel, Hepburn. The unfortunate young lady, who is about 20 years of ago, was standing with her back to the fire, when her clothes ignited, and before the fire could be extinguished she was badly burnt from the lower part of the body down to her foot. Medical aid was procured as soon as possible, and the patient is progressing as well as can be expected considering the seriousness of the burns.[3]

December 1903:

DAYLESFORD.— Racecourse Hotel, close to mineral springs, splendid accommodation, good table; £1 weekly. F. Jensen, proprietress.[4]

On 23 January 1906 a large bushfire swept through the area, killing several people and destroying many of the building at Hepburn. A portion of the hotel was burned.[5]

It was back to business as usual by March 1907:

DAYLESFORD.— Old Racecourse Hotel, near Hepburn and lithia springs, comfortable accommodation ; terms moderate. Mrs. Menz.[6]

The hotel was destroyed by a fire in March 1909:

The Old Racecourse Hotel at Hepburn the property of the estate of the late Mr Abel Menz, was destroyed by fire on Wednesday morning together with the contents, the property of Mrs. H. Harvey, the licensee. The property was insured for £345 in the Northern Company and £200 in the Royal. The furniture was insured in the Norwich Union for £325 which includes £50 on the piano, which was not burnt, being in a hall adjoining at the time of the fire.[7]

DAYLESFORD.— Detective Armstrong, of Ballarat, has been at Daylesford and Hepburn investigating the recent fire, which destroyed Mrs. Menz's Old Racecourse Hotel, and dwelling.[8]

The hotel was once again destroyed by fire in April 1911:

FIRE AT HEPBURN. A HOTEL BURNT. DAYLESFORD, Monday. The Racecourse Hotel at Hepburn, occupied by Mr Jos. Stevens was burnt to the ground this morning at 6 o' clock. The building was a new one of weatherboard having been built only about 18 months (taking the place of one previously burnt) and containing bar and 13 rooms. Nothing was saved. The cause of the fire is not known. The insurance on the building and contents are not yet known.[9]

In May 1912 the publica was fined for selling adulterated brandy:

Joseph Stephens, of the Old Racecourse Hotel, Hepburn, was, at the instance of Mr. Leckie, fined 40/ with 12/ costs, for having exposed for sale brandy which had been adulterated.[10]

In June 1912 William Hayes died at the hotel:

IN MEMORIAM. Hayes. — In loving remembrance of a dear Husband and Father, William Hayes, who died at Old Racecourse Hotel, Hepburn, on 21st June, 1912, late of Walhalla. R.I.P. Inserted by his loving wife and child. The Walhalla Chronicle. Published every Friday morning. FRIDAY, JUNE 19, 1314.[11]

The hotel was one of several listed for possible closure in 1915 by the Licenses Reduction Board. A hearing was held into the hotel in March 1915:

OLD RACECOURSE HOTEL, HEPBURN. Mr Bromfield appeared for the licensee (Mrs Mary Jane Hayes and the owners, the trustees in the insolvent estate of Mrs Menz). Superintendent Bennett stated that the house contained 13 rooms, five bedrooms being available for the public. The building was of wood, new and in good repair. The licensee said there was a good bar trade, and that the house was largely patronised by tourists. The stabling was bad, and the sanitary accommodation only fair, The furnishing was medium. He did not think the hotel required as it was close to two other hotels.

Constable Strain stated the building had been erected new about four years ago. The trade did not appear to be large. It was mostly, local trade, but there was a small tourist trade. Rolleri's Hotel was about three-quarters of a mile away. Henderson's Hotel at Shepherd's Flat was three miles away north, the building would compare with Henderson's, but the latter would probably have more accommodation. The place had been burned down twice in ten years. By the Board: He thought the Shepherd's Flat the most used. The population around the hotel under review was not large; not as large as that around Henderson's. Some tourists preferred the Lithia Springs to Hepburn and that was the reason they stayed at the Old Racecourse Hotel. The Shepherd's Flat hotel was pretty well as convenient to the Lithia Sprng. The hotel would probably get the overflow from Hepburn. Owing to the positions the Shepherd's Flat Hotel would be more necessary. By Mr. Bromfield: Shepherd's Flat is no good to tourists who visit the Springs. The population around Mrs Hayes's hotel is about 200. The Liberty Spring is right in front of the hotel, about a quarter of a mile away. Mr Bromfield said the lease expired in five years from January 24, 1914. If the hotel were taken away it would be a great inconvenience. It had the only hall between Daylesford and Yandoit, and there was a billiard room in the premises that would of course go if the hotel were delicenced. He had a petition to present to the Board. The Chairman: We never accept petitions in any shape or form, as they only apply to numbers.

Mrs Hayes, the licensee, said that she had been 2 years and nine months in the hotel. She sold more beer than other liquor. She made 75 per cent, profit on beer, but less on wines and spirits. Cordials showed the largest profit of all. Her principal trade was with the travelling public —carters and travellers. She also did a tourist trade. The Liberty Spring was right in front of the house and the Lithia further down, Sometimes she had tourists for breakfast who had walked from Daylesford. Others came for dinner and afternoon tea and refreshments from the bar. She could accommodate thirteen tourists, but had no permanent boarders. The bar trade was certainly more profitable. The Chairman : Your figures show just the opposite. Witness, continuing, said the report in the "Advocate" concerning the Springs was true.

Duncan McKinnon, postmaster at Hepburn, thought the hotel convenient for the travelling public and a depot for the local people, as it was the terminus of the cab run from Daylesford. People living away from the hotel met the cab and called for parcels there. He was sure the Springs hotels or Shepherd's Flat would not be nearly so convenient. The was a hall close to the hotel for meetings, concerts and dancing. The recreation ground was about 300 yards from the hotel. The billiard-room was not in use and had not been since the new hotel was built. The place was about halfway between the Hepburn Spring and the Lithia. Tourists seemed to visit the hotel for afternoon tea and refreshments. The population within a radius of three quarters of a mile was 100. There were about 40 or 50 residences. Some of them might be nearer to Rolleri's. Clogan's mine was nearer to the Old Racecourse Hotel than any other and gave a highly payable return. The miners working there went to the hotel, which was close to the track. A water supply was being arranged for it a cost £3800 to supply the Hepburn people. To Mr Bennett: I did not say Clogan's mine was about to be floated. The owners themselves have now work it. The yields have been up to seven ounces per ton. By the Board: There has been a little increase in the local population during the last five or six years, but not very much. The tourist traffic has increased, and I would attribute the increase in purchases of liquor made to that cause and increased road traffic.

Ferdinand Vazzetta, baker, thought the hotel should remain open. He had been in business there for over twenty years, and the hotel was a necessity, being right in the heart of a tourist resort. It was within a few minutes' walk of several popular springs. If the hotel were closed, it would greatly depreciate the value of property in the vicinity. The Chairman: That does not trouble us much. Witness, continuing, said the hall was used ten or twelve times a year. When the water scheme was consummated he was sure the place would progress considerably. To the Board: I think the three hotels are required along the road, as they serve different classes of people, I do not think there is much difference in the trade now and five years ago.

John Blampied, livery stable proprietor, Spring Creek, gave similar evidence to the previous witnesses. There were a good many miners working in the creeks and they met the cab at the hotel when going to Daylesford once a week to sell their gold. Archibald Bolla, miner; Ernest Menz, miner; John O'Grady, retired farmer who said the accommodation at Spring Creek was insufficient, and that the opening-up of the Deep Creek Spring would never affect Spring Creek or Hepburn, gave corroborative evidence. Decision was reserved.[12]

In March 1917 Mary Jane Hayes advertised she was applying to transfer the license to Donald MacKechnie. The application was contested, and MacKechnie later turned out to have fraudulently claimed a Victoria Cross:

NOTICE OF APPLICATION FOR A TRANSFER OF LICENCE. I, MARY JANE HAYES of Hepburn Do HEREBY GIVE NOTICE that I desire to obtain and will at the next Sitting of the Licensing Court for the Licensing District of Franklin to be holden at the Licensing Court Melbourne at the hour of Ten o'clock in the fore noon [on Monday the 19th day of March One thousand nine hundred and seventeen APPLY for a Transfer of a Victualler's Licence for the premises situated at Hepburn and known as the Old Racecourse Hotel, to DONALD MACKECHNIE V.C. of Hepburn aforesaid retired soldier for the residue of the term of the said Licence And I the said Donald MacKechnie HEREBY APPLY for the said transfer. Dated this twenty-eighth day of February One thousand nine hundred and seventeen. MARY JANE HAYES, Transferror. DONALD MACKECHNIE, Proposed Transferee. H. A. M. BROMFIELD, Vincent Street, Daylesford, Solicitor for the Applicant.[13]

In August 1917 two men were charged for being on the premises on a Sunday:

ON HOTEL PREMISES ON A SUNDAY. Henry Kroeger and Theodore Kroeger were charged with having been on the premises of the Old Racecourse Hotel, Hepburn, at a time, when such should not be open for the sale of liquor to the public. Defendants did not appear. Licensing Inspector Macmananmy, of Ballarat said that on Sunday August 5, the defendants went to the hotel. An altercation took place but that did not concern the present case. They asked for drink but were refused it and subsequently were interviewed by Constable Strain, when they both admitted having offended. Edith Mary McKechnie, wife of the licensee of the Old Racecourse Hotel, said that the defendants had called at the hotel on the Sunday mentioned and had asked for a couple of bottles of beer. She had refused to give it to them. Constable Strain said that on the 7th of August he interviewed Theodore Kroeger, who had admitted that he and his brother had called at the hotel on Sunday the 5th of August and asked for beer but had not been served. On the 8th of August he saw Henry Kroeger who made a similar admission. Mr Bartold-I'm glad to see the stand that the licensee took. Inspector Macmanamny - The costs amount to 30/, 24/ being as regards my own expenses and 6/ for Mrs McKechnie, 5/ being for cabfare and 1/ for lunch. Mr Bartold-Each defendant is fined and 15/ costs[14]

The altercation mentioned above one of a number of arguments between the MacKechnies's and the Kroegers. Another was dealt with in January 1918:

MACKECHNIE V. KROEGER. At Daylesford Police Court on Wednesday, before Mr P. Bartold, P.M., and Mayor W. L. Harris and Crs. R. C. Densem and J. B. Howe, J's.P., Edith Mary MacKechnie sued Theodore Kroeger for having used insulting words to her. Mr H. A. M. Bromfield appeared for complainant and Mr R. W. Shellard for defendant, who pleaded not guilty. Mr Bromfield, in his opening statement, said that defendant had applied the opprobrious epithet of a "b----- mean long-tongued cow" to Mrs MacKechnie, and and also issued the invitation regarding her husband, who, at the time, was suffering with rheumatism, to "come outside," when defendant and four comrades "would deal with him" - a remarkably plucky challenge.

Mrs MacKechnie said that on the 22nd of December, at about 4 o'clock in the afternoon, two Kroegers, two Yanners and one named Rodgers called at the Old Racecourse Hotel, kept by her and her husband. Theodore Kroeger remarked "Hullo you b---- long-tongued cow." He added that himself and companions intended to have a drink, and asserted "You mean cows had us as lambs." Then he tried to get behind the bar and said to witness "Bring your b----- husband out and we (five of them) will knock hell out of him." Witness ordered the men off the premises and rang up the police. All the time Kroeger continued his abuse, perpetually referring to witness as a big cow. Kroeger and his companions remained in the hotel from about four o'clock until a few minutes after six. It was threatened to witness "Tell your husband I'll put the boot into him." To Mr Shellard-Theodore Kroeger smashed his boxer hat on the counter and said "I'll have a drink." Witness'\ said, straight out, "I won't give you any drink."

Thomas J. Lupton, grocer's assistant, said that he was in the old Racecourse Hotel on the 22nd of December, at about 4.30 p.m. He didn't go there to have a drink. He was a teetotaller. He went to the hotel on business. The witness displayed reluctance to describe in the first person the language he had heard. He admitted that he had heard defendant issue the invitation "Bring out your b------ husband and we'll deal with him," and declared that Kroeger's remarks had been very insulting. Mr Bartold-Tell us the words he used; opinions may differ. Mr Bromfield-He didn't address Mrs McKechnie as "a nice dear lady?" Witness-No. Defendant said that he would be willing to bet five pounds that he would be supplied with drink. Mr Bartold--We can't punish a man on general statements. You've explained a lot and told us nothing. Witness-He made a lot of rambling statements. Mr Bartold-Not more so than you have done. Witness-In what way ? Mr Bartold-You appear to be an intelligent man,, but you are a most difficult witness. You are either unwilling or unable to give facts. Witness-I'm trying to give them. Mr Bartold - Very unsuccessfully. Witness-He used very bad words. Mr Bartold-What's, the use of that. If you don't want to say the words write them down. The witness said that he had had heard the terms damn and bloody. He couldn't give details. Mr Bartold - You've been a mighty long time in telling us what you have done. Witness-Since the event things have passed through my mind. I'm not unwilling. Mr Bartold-Incidents such as what are stated to have occurred wouldn't easily pass from your mind. You've talked a lot and told us nothing. The question has arisen in my own mind and also that of one of my colleagues whether we should not deal with you for prevarication. Our other two colleagues are, however, against such a proceeding so no steps will be taken in that direction. Mr Shellard said that his client would admit having demanded a drink, but would deny all insulting language.

Theodore Kroeger denied having used any insulting terms to Mrs MacKechnie who, on being applied to for a drink, had declared, " I b---- well won't serve you." His brother, Henry, had asked for a drink and was told, " You'll get no drink here. Get to b----- hell out of the bar." Mrs MacKechnie had, however, served young Rodgers and Claude Yanner. Witness then asked again for a drink, but Mrs MacKeclmie said, "Get to b---- hell out of this." Witness replied, "We can stay here till shut-up time. We're doing no harm." Mrs MacKechnie threatened to send for the police. Witness was perfectly sober. To Mr Bromfield-Witness and companions had not visited the hotel with the object of upbraiding Mrs MacKechnie. When she had said that she was sending for the police witness had replied, "You can b---- well do so." Witness had also said, "We screened you twice."

Claude Yanner, miner, of Kidd's Gully, said that Mrs MacKechnie had replied to Theodore Kroeger's request for a drink, "You b----- well won't get a drink here," and had stated that the police had told her not to serve defendant. Mrs MacKechnie served witness and Rodgers with drink, but refused the others. It was said to Mrs MacKechnie, "Why do you turn us down on a week day, yet supplied us with drink on a Sunday ?" Also, it was remarked, "What about James Kroeger. You've turned him down and he was your white haired boy." Mrs MacKechnie said, "I'll make him prove it." Witness had not heard any of the bad language alleged to have been used by Theodore Kroeger. Michael Yanner was called but did not appear.

Henry Kroeger, miner, of Spring Creek, said that when drink was refused his brother he remarked "It's a funny thing that we can get it on Sundays and not to-day." Mrs MacKechnie replied "Get to hell out of here I'm going to ring for the police." "Theodore remarked "You can get to hell and ring up, we're not doing any harm here." Mrs MacKechnie went out and on returning said "I'll soon have you shifted," she also remarked "I'm b---- well going to stir young Jim up next week. I'm going to send him a lawyer's letter." Theodore commented "I don't think you'd do anything like that to your white haired boy." She responded "I'll make you prove it." To queries put by Mr Shellard witness denied the remarks alleged regarding Theodore Kroeger. To Mr Bromfield-Witness said that he had not heard his brother say to Mrs MacKechnie "We screened you before."

David Rodgers was called but did not appear. Michael Yanner was also called but did not respond. Mr Bartold said that the bench accepted the evidence of the complainant, which was confirmed to some extent by Witness Lupton, though the latter did not give the exact words. He, however, had stated that he had heard the words "damn" and "bloody" used. There were inconsistences in the evidence of the witnesses for the defence. A fine of £2 or 14 days' imprisonment and £2 6s 6d costs would be imposed. On Mr Shellard's application a stay of execution was granted for four weeks, Mr Bromfield making no objection.[15]

In January 1918, a week after the above case, the publican did take action against James Kroeger as promised to recover money:

BOARD, LODGING AND MONEY LENT CLAIM. Donald MacKechnie sued James Kroeger, in Daylesford Police Court on Wednesday, for the recovery of £2 12s, due for board' and lodging and money lent. Mr Bartold, P.M., Mayor W. L. Harris and Crs R. C. Densem and J. B. Howe, J's.P., were on the Bench. Mr H. A. M. Bromfield appeared for complainant and Mr R. W. Shellard for defendant. Mr Bromfield said that his client was not able to appear personally owing to an attack of rheumatism, but his wife, who kept the books, would give evidence on his behalf. Mr Shellard, for the defence, said that two beds charged for had never been used, also money claimed had not been lent his client, who, moreover, had done work about the hotel in return for his keep.

Edith Mary MacKechnie said that defendant had boarded at the hotel for three weeks (from the 3rd August to 24th August) and had been charged at the rate of 15s a week. On the night of the 28th of September and the 8th November he had also stayed at the hotel, and for this 2s had been charged. He had borrowed 25s but had paid £1 out of this back. Defendant, when the account was rendered to him, said that he shouldn't be charged for his board as he had "shouted" for men in the bar at various times.

To Mr Shellard-The present action was not a case of spite against the Kroegers. It was incorrect to say that she had invited defendant to stay at the hotel. She had not been looking for an hotel at Gisborne, but she had written enquiring about one. Defendant had not been invited to stop and take on a job at another hotel when witness's husband got one. Kroeger had never minded the bar or cut wood. He might have served an odd drink when the bottle was on the counter. He had not spread gravel nor cleaned out a fowl house. Witness's cousin had been doing, the bar work.

James Kroeger, miner, of Doctor's Gully, denied owing 5s borrowed money. He had had no occasion to borrow money as he had been working up to August the 3rd and was single and had plenty of money. On that night when he had been going home Mrs MacKechnie had said that it was too late and that he could occupy a spare bedroom. Then when he had been going to work at a mine she had said that there was no need for him to do so as she and her husband would be taking an hotel at Gisborne and would give him a job in the yard. Witness stayed and worked mostly in the bar. Mrs MacKechnie said that there was no need for him to pay board as he was working about the place. He cut wood, spread gravel and cleaned out a fowl house. No money was asked from him until December. When he got the bill he at once went to Mrs MacKechnie and said that he didn't owe the money, but she said that he did. He had offered to pay her board the first week he was at the hotel, but she had refused to take the money.

To Mr Bromfield-Witness had never occupied a room with Dick Bernacocchi at the hotel. Witness always slept "on his pat." Witness had been suffering from a bad thumb, but that had not prevented him from being able to cut wood and do other work about the hotel. MacKechnie was knocking about drinking mostly. Mr Bromfield-And you were a strict teetotaller ? Witness-I had a drink some times ? Mr Bromfield-Did you pay for it ? Witness-You bet I did. Mr Bromfield-I'm not betting, thanks. Witness replied to further queries of Mr Bromfield's that he had given up a job at 11s 4d a shift at the North Ajax, looking forward to getting an easier job under MacKechnie's at Gisborne.

Mr Bartold said that it was word against word. The onus of proving that 5s lent money and 2s for a couple of beds rested upon complainant, who had failed to sustain the claim. Defendant, however, admitted that he had had board and lodging for three weeks. A verdict for £2 5s and 15s 6d costs would be given. Mr Shellard asked for a stay of execution for a month. Mr Bromfield-We object; we want our money. The Bench declined to grant a stay of proceedings.[16]

Community Involvement[edit | edit source]

The People[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1864 'SALE OF SPIRITUOUS LIQUORS WITHOUT A WHOLESALE LICENSE.', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 12 March, p. 6. , viewed 27 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155021011
  2. 2.0 2.1 1865 'NEW INSOLVENTS.', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 8 March, p. 7. , viewed 27 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155029306
  3. 3.0 3.1 1886 'COUNTRY NEWS.', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 31 May, p. 6. , viewed 23 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article190854083
  4. 4.0 4.1 1903 'Advertising', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 19 December, p. 15. , viewed 27 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article189345189
  5. 1906 'SEVERAL LIVES LOST.', Gippsland Times (Vic. : 1861 - 1954), 25 January, p. 3. (MORNINGS.), viewed 03 Mar 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65326604
  6. 1907 'Advertising', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 30 March, p. 11. , viewed 27 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article196159106
  7. 7.0 7.1 1909 'FIRES IN THE COUNTRY.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 27 May, p. 6. , viewed 03 Mar 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article10705497
  8. 1909 'LARGE SUMS IN SICK PAY.', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 3 June, p. 5. , viewed 27 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article196117833
  9. 9.0 9.1 1911 'FIRE AT HEPBURN.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 25 April, p. 1. , viewed 23 Mar 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article216634606
  10. 1912 'FALSE TRADE DESCRIPTION.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 2 May, p. 10. , viewed 25 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11672359
  11. 1914 'Family Notices', Walhalla Chronicle and Moondarra Advertiser (Vic. : 1914 - 1915), 19 June, p. 2. , viewed 23 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154607592
  12. 12.0 12.1 1915 'LICENSES REDUCTION BOARD.', Daylesford Advocate, Yandoit, Glenlyon and Eganstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), 18 March, p. 3. , viewed 02 Mar 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119535049
  13. 1917 'Advertising', Daylesford Advocate, Yandoit, Glenlyon and Eganstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), 9 March, p. 2. , viewed 25 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119557524
  14. 1917 'DAYLESFORD POLICE COURT', Daylesford Advocate, Yandoit, Glenlyon and Eganstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), 31 August, p. 3. , viewed 25 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119558667
  15. MACKECHNIE V. KROEGER. (1918, January 18). Daylesford Advocate, Yandoit, Glenlyon and Eganstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved December 26, 2022, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11955953
  16. 1918 'BOARD, LODGING AND MONEY LENT CLAIM.', Daylesford Advocate, Yandoit, Glenlyon and Eganstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), 18 January, p. 3. , viewed 25 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119559552
  17. 1910 'DAYLESFORD.', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 9 May, p. 6. , viewed 27 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article184296868
  18. 1914 'DAYLESFORD LICENSING COURT', Daylesford Advocate, Yandoit, Glenlyon and Eganstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), 8 December, p. 2. , viewed 12 Dec 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119529999
  19. 1915 'LICENSING COURT.', Daylesford Advocate, Yandoit, Glenlyon and Eganstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), 16 December, p. 3. , viewed 16 Dec 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119538818
  20. 1917 'A V.C. SOLDIER'S APPLICATION.', Daylesford Advocate, Yandoit, Glenlyon and Eganstown Chronicle (Vic. : 1914 - 1918), 23 March, p. 3. , viewed 24 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article119557609
  21. 1919 'COUNTRY NEWS.', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 4 September, p. 8. , viewed 23 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article202439625
  22. 1921 'LICENSES TRANSFERRED.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 11 October, p. 12. , viewed 23 Dec 2022, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4639383


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