Peter Kohl

From Hotels of Ballarat
Peter Kohl
Peter Kohl
Born 3 April 1821
Bendolf, Coblenz, Prussia
Died 1896
Nationality German
Occupation Publican
Years active 1869-1896
Known for Kohl's Family Hotel
Home town Ballarat
Spouse(s) Maria Hartung
Children Anthony
  • Nicolaus Kohl (father)
  • Maria Humpsite (mother)

Peter Kohl was a publican in Ballarat, 1869-1896.

History[edit | edit source]

Peter Kohl was born in Bendolf, Coblenz, Prussia[1], on 3 April 1821, the son of Nicolaus Kohl and Maria Humpsite.[2] He married Maria Hartung (1822-1885) in Prussia in 1845.[2] They had 11 children.[2]

The family arrived in Australia in 1853.[1]

In January 1861, Kohl was listed as one of the shareholders when the United Extended Band of Hope Company increased its shareholdings from 3200 to 12,800, registered under the Limited Liability Act.[3]

Kohl established the Family Hotel in Redan, on the SE corner of Darling Street and Ripon Street, Ballarat. Family sources give a date of 1869 for the establishment of the hotel.[1] Kohl's license was renewed in December 1872 and 1873.[4][5]

Kohl's son Anthony had problems with alcohol for many years which eventually led to his death. In January 1866 he was charged with drunkenness.[6]

In August 1871, his son Anthony, killed himself in terrible circumstances at the No. 4 Band and Albion Consols goldmine:

HORRIBLE SUICIDE. A frightful occurrence took place last evening about five o'clock (states the Ballarat Courier, 23rd August) in the puddling machine room of the No. 4 Band and Albion Consols, Sebastopol. The victim was Anthony Kohl, one of the No. 2 tributers, who had been drinking heavily of late, and who, a short time ago, was lodged in the Ballarat gaol on a charge of lunacy. The occurrence is generally attributed to suicide, superinduced by an attack of delirium tremens. It seems Kohl mounted the platform over the puddling machines, and shortly after wards he was heard to scream violently. Fearing that some accident had occurred, the machinery was stopped, and when the platmen went to the spot they found the unfortunate man entangled between the cogwheels near the crown wheel. Efforts were at once made to extricate him, and in a short time he was landed on the platform, when his right leg was found completely cut through, and a large gash in his abdomen, from which the intestines obruded, was also discovered. Death must have been instantaneous. Kohl was only twenty-seven years of age, and was a son of Mr. Kohl, of Kohl's Hotel, Darling-street. When the No. 2 tribute proved so successful, he took to drinking, and, acting under the advice of his friends, in a lucid interval, he transferred his interest to his wife, since when, according to general report, he has led a very dissipated career. He also leaves two children. The remains were shortly afterwards taken charge of by the police, pending an inquiry into the occurrence.[7]

A man named Anthony Kohl committed suicide in an unusually horrible manner at about seven o’clock on Tuesday night. He was one of the No. 2 Band and Albion Consols tributors, and was a man much addicted to excessive drinking. A few weeks ago he was arrested by the police for drunkenness and remanded for medical enquiry into his state of mind, but at the intercession of his wife he was released instead of being sent to Ararat. After he had been at liberty for a few days he commenced drinking again and continued the habit until the time of his death. He left home at about half-past six o’clock on Tuesday night, and, instead of going to the No. 2 Band and Albion Consols shaft, where he occasionally worked he went to the No. 4 shaft of the same claim. John Pembroke, the braceman at this shaft, saw Kohl look down the shaft from the surface. He then went up to the brace and went directly to the puddling machinery. Before he could be stopped, he got under a rail erected for the safety of persons standing near the machinery, and threw himself between the crown and pinion wheels. In an instant he was horribly crushed and mangled and thrown to the ground an almost shapeless mass of flesh. The remains were shortly afterwards taken to Kohl’s family hotel, kept by the deceased man’s father, where an inquest will be held at eleven o’clock this morning. The unfortunate man was very seldom at work during the last few months on account of his intemperate habits. He was about 25 years of age and leaves a widow and two children.[8]

In August 1876, Kohl purchased a second hotel:

Mr R. Tunbridge yesterday disposed of by private sale Mr Fern's Redan Club hotel. Mr P. Kohl was the purchaser, the price being £250, at terms equal to cash.[9]

His wife died in December 1885:

Mrs Peter Kohl, of the Family Hotel, Darling street, an 1853 arrival, is also dead.[10]

His license was renewed in December 1887:

The application of Peter Kohl, of the Family hotel, for the issue of a certificate for a new license, the old one having been lost, was granted, and the court adjourned.[11]

Kohl transferred the license to Thomas Blight in April 1891.[12]

His daughter, Emma, was married in September 1891:

SYKES - KOHL — On the 18th of August, at St Patrick’s Cathedral, by the Rev. Father Harrington, Emma Kohl, youngest daughter of Peter Kohl, Esq., to George Sykes, youngest son of the late Matthew Sykes, both of Ballarat.[13]

Kohl died on 29 August 1896.[1][2]

KOHL.— The Friends of the late Mr PETER KOHL are respectfully invited to follow his remains to their last rest resting place, Ballarat Old Cemetery. The funeral will leave his leave his late residence, Darling street near Ripon street, This Day (Monday), at 3 p.m. STEPHEN WELLINGTON, Undertaker and Certificated Embalmer, 144 Sturt street (near Dawson street, and opposite the Adelphi hotel).

OLD COLONISTS’ ASSOCIATION. - Members are requested to meet at Darling street this day (Monday) at 3 o’clock, to follow the remains of our late member, PETER KOHL, to the Ballarat Old Cemetery. Rosettes to be worn craped. J. W. GRAHAM, Secretary.[14]

In February 1900, his son Charles was acquitted of charges of wounding Alfred Lewis of Brown Hill.[15]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2019, Harris, Phil, 'Family sources', included on Historic Hotels of Ballarat Facebook page.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 glpnharris, 'Kohl Family Tree',,
  3. 1915 'FIFTY YEARS AGO.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 16 January, p. 7. , viewed 31 Jul 2019,
  4. 1872 'BALLARAT LICENSING BENCH.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 21 December, p. 4. , viewed 31 Jul 2019,
  5. 1873 'LICENSING BENCH.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 24 December, p. 4. , viewed 08 Jul 2018,
  6. 1866 'POLICE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 30 January, p. 3. , viewed 31 Jul 2019,
  7. 1871 'HORRIBLE SUICIDE.', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 24 August, p. 4. , viewed 31 Jul 2019,
  8. 1871 'NEWS AND NOTES.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 23 August, p. 2. , viewed 31 Jul 2019,
  9. 1876 'No title', The Ballarat Courier (Vic. : 1869 - 1883; 1914 - 1918), 25 August, p. 2. , viewed 31 Jul 2019,
  10. 1885 'BALLARAT.', Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), 30 December, p. 3. , viewed 29 Jul 2019,
  11. 1887 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 2 December, p. 2. , viewed 31 Jul 2019,
  12. 1891 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 7 April, p. 2. , viewed 15 Feb 2018,
  13. 1891 'Family Notices', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 29 September, p. 2. , viewed 02 Mar 2021,
  14. 1896 'Family Notices', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 31 August, p. 3. , viewed 31 Jul 2019,
  15. 1900 'BALLARAT ASSIZES.', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 16 February, p. 7. , viewed 31 Jul 2019,

External links[edit | edit source]