Rock of Cashel Hotel

From Hotels of Ballarat
There was also a Rock of Cashel Hotel in Dunnstown.
Rock of Cashel Hotel
Picture needed
Town Ballarat
Street Main Road
Known dates 1856-1865

The Rock of Cashel Hotel was in Ballarat, Victoria, <1856-1865>.

Site[edit | edit source]

The Rock of Cashel Hotel was in Main Road, Ballarat.[1] It was described as being near Bakery Hill and backing on to the Gum Tree Flat in 1857.[2]

Background[edit | edit source]

The name of the hotel is taken from the Rock of Cashel, a historic site in Cashel, Tipperary, Ireland. In 1857 it was called the Rock of Cashel Inn.[3]

History[edit | edit source]

The hotel was advertising its services in February 1857:

ROCK OF CASHEL INN, MAIN ROAD. GOOD DRINK! GOOD VICTUALS!! AND GOOD BEDS!!! THE Splendid Saloon of this establishment is now opened as a Restaurant. Meals to be had at all hours. Dinner 2s. 6d. Breakfast and Supper 2s. Families visiting Ballarat will find the comforts of a home at this Inn.[3]

There were complaints raised about the hotel during the license hearing in June 1857:

John Graber, Rock of Cashel Hotel, Main road. Mr Trench supported the application. Mr Taylor said the bed-rooms in this house were not clean. Some remark was made about sly grog selling, which our reporter was unable to fathom. Mr Foster said his attention had been frequently drawn to the house during the small hours of the night. Granted. The Bench cautioning the applicant that if he did not keep his house clean the license would be withdrawn. The Bench also cautioned him against allowing gambling in his house.[4]

In 1858, the publican was fined 10s for having an unlicensed bagatelle table.[5] This makes his comments more interesting in 1862 when he was again charged with the same offense:

Mr Graber of the Rock of Cashel Hotel addressing, the Bench said the police had threatened to summon him for not having a license for a bagatelle table. He did not think it necessary and wished for the opinion of the Bench? Mr Clissold said it was necessary that he should have a license. Mr Graber -Then I'll take one out; license granted.[6]

There were problems in July 1860:

At the Eastern Police Court yesterday two uncouth looking individuals were charged with nearly choking a man in the dining room of the Rock of Cashel Hotel, and robbing him of £13. Shortly after another person prosecuted a relative of the landlord for assaulting him in the same hotel. The prisoners in the first case were remanded for the evidence of the barmaid, who, although warned by the detective officers to attend the court, absented herself, and could not be had to give her testimony against, the prisoners, in the second case the delinquent was fined £5. These are not the only offences which have been perpetrated in this licensed public house. Sergeant Larner yesterday gave it a very bad reputation and at the late licensing bench he opposed the granting of the license to the landlord, but a municipal magistrate who made it convenient to attend, overruled the objection, advocated the granting of the license, and merely admonished the applicant as to how the house would be conducted in future. Now we see the result of such admonition, and the attempts that are being made to defeat the ends of justice by keeping an important witness out of the way, when her evidence might have a tendency to criminate some of the ruffians who are continually quarrelling and making the house a perfect nuisance to the residents in the locality.[7]

The barmaid testified in court the next day:

THE ROCK OF CASHEL ROBBERY.-John Caffery and John Byrne were brought up on remand, charged with assaulting and robbing Richard Martin of the sum of £13 in the Rock of Cashel Hotel. Margaret Derwick, barmaid at the Rock of Cashel Hotel, deposed that she knew the prosecutor. Saw him at the Rock of Cashel on the morning of the robbery. Saw the prisoners come into the bar about eight o'clock in the morning. Caffrey came in first and the other followed after. Saw them in the bar with the prosecutor, who "shouted" for them and another man named Francis. He paid her for the "shout," and next gave her a £10 note to take 10s out of it, as his fare to Geelong. Witness gave him the change in the presence of the prisoners. The prosecutor then went into the dining room, accompanied by the prisoners; afterwards they came out to the bar and had three more drinks, for which Martin paid. Francis did not breakfast with them, and she heard nothing about a robbery, or any noise. She never spoke to the cook about the robbery, nor to any other person, and she knew nothing about it, as she was attending to the bar until Mr Graber came home. She heard no loud noises, and the prosecutor was so drunk that he could not stand. To the Bench-The prosecutor got no strong drink at the Rock of Cashel, but after breakfast he appeared sober. None of the prisoners asked for drink on credit. They were not flush with money, and they were in and out of the house for three weeks. Prisoner Byrne-We were boarding there. Witness-They boarded in the restaurant. To Byrne-The prosecutor got a ticket for another person. I never said anything to another man about putting his hand into the prosecutor's pocket. The prosecutor gave me but one note to change. I saw you all in the bar together. Caffery here said he was not in the bar when the money was changed, but the witness said "indeed he was." Had seen the third man there before, in company with the prisoners. Thomas Diggins, landlord of the North Grant Hotel, deposed that he knew both of the prisoners, who in company with another person, came into his bar about one o'clock on the day of the robbery and had drinks. They remained for about half an hour and went away. They returned about three o'clock, and the big prisoner (Byrne) asked him to keep four £1 notes, one half sovereign, and half a crown for him. He took the money for safety, as the prisoner was under the influence of drink, and in the evening himself and the other prisoner returned and asked for the money which he gave Byrne, who handed it over to Caffery as his portion of what witness understood to be a "division of the spoil." Words to that effect were used at the time, but witness thought that the language referred to a division of profits from digging or something that way. Witness imagined they had been selling gold, and that they had divided the profits. Would swear that words to that effect were used. Detective officer Hyland deposed that he apprehended the prisoners from a description given by the prosecutor. The prisoners corresponded with the description. He arrested them in the Rock of Cashel. Byrne said he saw the prosecutor "flashing" notes there, but there were other persons there besides himself and Caffery. He searched the prisoners and found a few shillings on Byrne. The prosecutor identified them as the offenders. This was the case for the prosecution. The prisoners declined to say anything, and asked to be allowed to get their swags from the Rock of Cashel. They were committed for trial at the Circuit Court.[8]

There was another case heard in July 1861, involving the hotel:

THE ROCK OF CASHEL AGAIN.-Daniel Coleman was charged with assaulting James White in the Rock of Cashel Hotel. The prosecutor deposed that while in the public house alluded to he was struck without any reason whatever by the defendant. Graber, the landlord, held him while the other struck him. Sergeant Larner said the Rock of Cashel was a perfect nuisance. Every other night there was nothing but fighting and robberies therein. At the last licensing day the license was opposed by him, but it was granted on condition that the house be conducted properly in future. The Bench directed the sergeant to lay an information against the house, and fined the defendant, who is a relative of the landlord, £5.[9]

In June 1861 the police again attempted to block Graber's license renewal:

John Graber, Rock of Cashel Hotel. The police opposed this application, in consequence of the premises being dirty, and gambling being permitted there as well as rows. Sergeant Larner said the applicant had been summoned by him to court. Mr Rodier said he believed that the applicant had recently altered his style of conducting the house. The Bench cautioned Mr Graber, and granted the licence.[10]

Community Involvement[edit | edit source]

Inquests[edit | edit source]

Mining[edit | edit source]

  • Specimen Hill Quartz Mining Co., Daylesford, first general meeting, 21 September 1865.[12]
  • United Independent Claim, tenders to dig a drive in the mine, documents to be left at the hotel, August 1860[13]

The People[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Licensing Court for Publicans," The Star, Thursday 19 June 1862, pg. 4,, (accessed January 17, 2014)
  2. 1857 'BALLAARAT.', The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), 14 March, p. 6. , viewed 27 Mar 2016,
  3. 3.0 3.1 1857 'Advertising', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 27 February, p. 4. , viewed 11 Apr 2018,
  4. 4.0 4.1 1857 'GENERAL ANNUAL LICENSING MEETING.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 13 June, p. 2. , viewed 11 Aug 2017,
  5. 5.0 5.1 1858 'EASTERN POLICE COURT.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 13 December, p. 4, viewed 21 October, 2014,
  6. 1862 'EASTERN POLICE COURT.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 2 September, p. 4, viewed 25 February, 2014,
  7. 1860 'News and Notes.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 12 July, p. 2. , viewed 02 Jun 2018,
  8. 8.0 8.1 1860 'EASTERN POLICE COURT.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 14 July, p. 4. , viewed 09 Apr 2021,
  9. 1860 'EASTERN POLICE COURT.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 12 July, p. 3. , viewed 06 Jun 2024,
  10. 10.0 10.1 1861 'LICENSING SESSIONS.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 6 June, p. 1. (SUPPLEMENT TO THE STAR.), viewed 02 Oct 2020,
  11. 1862 'MONDAY, MAY 5, 1862.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), 5 May, p. 4. , viewed 12 Jan 2017,
  12. 1865 'Advertising', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 7 September, p. 4. , viewed 19 Nov 2018,
  13. 1860 'Advertising', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 25 August, p. 4. , viewed 19 Jul 2017,
  14. 1856 'POLICE COURT.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 6 December, p. 3. , viewed 24 Dec 2018,
  15. 1858 'SPECIAL LICENSING MEETING.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 24 July, p. 2. , viewed 20 Nov 2017,
  16. 1859 'AFTERNOON SITTINGS.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 14 June, p. 3. , viewed 05 Sep 2019,
  17. 1860 'PUBLICANS' LICENSES.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 30 May, p. 2. , viewed 12 Jun 2024,

External Links[edit | edit source]