Sarah Parker

From Hotels of Ballarat
Sarah Parker
Occupation Publican
Years active 1861-1889
Known for Black Swan Hotel (Browns)
Black Swan Hotel (Newtown)
Royal Navy Hotel
Waverley Hotel
Belle Vue Hotel
Dew Drop Inn
Russell Square Hotel
Home town Browns

Sarah Parker was a publican in the Ballarat district, <1861-1889>.

History[edit | edit source]

Sarah Parker had an interest in the Black Swan Hotels at Browns and at Linton. In September 1862 she advertised for someone to paint and paper the Linton hotel. Tenders for the work could be left at either business.[1]

She was granted the license for the hotel at Browns in 1861 and 1863 but not 1862 however.[2][3] Her license for the hotel at Newtown was renewed in January 1866[4], and again in May 1866.[5]

In April 1866 she wrote to the Browns and Scarsdale council asking them not to sell her confiscated liquor:

From Mrs Sarah Parker, Black Swan hotel, requesting the council to take steps to prevent her confiscated liquors from being sold. It was resolved-" That the town clerk inform Mrs Parker that it was out of the power of the council to interfere in the matter."[6]

In May 1866 she wrote to the paper after her stock of alcohol had been seized by the police:

REVENUE SEIZURES AT THE BLACK SWAN HOTEL, NEWTOWN, SCARSDALE. SIR,-Observing in the report of the proceedings of the Browns and Scarsdale Municipal Council that a remark was made by councillor Merrin, that "it was no use for councillor Gartside to come there to defend Mrs Parker, she had every leniency shown her;" and further, that "she had plenty of time to take out her license; she had not done so; and if councillor Gartside had any specific charge against any officer of the borough, he should bring it in a straightforward manner, and no doubt it would be thoroughly investigated." I feel bound, in justice to councillor Gartside, to state that I was the authority for his statement, that I was misled, and to relate the whole circumstances of the case, I applied for a license, and my application was granted on the 17th January last. I asked for time to pay the money in, which was granted or promised to me, as the town clerk said my money was sure. Hearing of seizures being made in the district, and being anxious about my license, I called on the mayor of the borough (Mr Jackson) on the 12th April, when I be assured me that I need not trouble myself about the matter, as I should be all right if I paid the license-fee on Monday, the 16th ult., with which assurance I went away, perfectly satisfied that I was. secure until that time. Imagine, then, my astonishment on Saturday, the 14th, on seeing a policeman enter my house armed with a warrant to seize all the liquors on the premises. Of course, relying on the assurance of the highest of the borough authorities, I had in my bar and store-room all the stock necessary for carrying on a publican's business, and it must have been apparent even to those employed in the seizure that I was, as stated by Mr Gartside, misled by some or other of the municipal authorities, as I should not otherwise be so foolish as to display my stock on the shelves for the special purpose of attracting the attention of the revenue officer and facilitating it removal. There were several houses seized before mine, none of which had sufficient stock in them to defray the expenses of seizure, and I really cannot help thinking that rather than be at a loss and to reimburse themselves my liquors were seized before my fee was paid, which it was well known would be almost immediately, and as I was relying on the words of the mayor, I should have a full stock in. The officials were well aware that I had no intention of defrauding the municipal revenues, and I really think that under the circumstances I should have received warning of the course they were about to adopt, in which case I should immediately have taken steps for the payment of the license fee. Had the case not been as above stated what reason could Mr Stedman, the solicitor for the borough, have for stating at the trial that compensation would be made to me for my loss, unless he brought it forward as a palliation of an act which he knew to be morally unfair. Last year there were four hotels open as public houses about one hundred yards apart in Newtown, three persons only-I being one of the three-took out licenses, but the fourth did not; but this year he (the proprietor) paid seven pounds on account, and had his liquors returned to him after being seized, and time given him to pay the balance (£18), while all mine were confiscated, the mayor's promise not withstanding. In conclusion, I have to complain of the conduct of the revenue-officer, who, although seeing all the liquors fully exposed and pointed out, would not be satisfied without entering the servants' bed-room in search for more, which was certainly unnecessary and uncalled for. Hoping that you will insert this. I remain, Sir, yours truthfully, SARAH PARKER, Black Swan hotel, Newtown, Scarsdale.[7]

In July 1868 she applied for the license of the Royal Navy Hotel (formerly the All Nations Hotel) in Ballarat:

I, SARAH PARKER, now residing in Grant street, Ballarat, in the Colony of Victoria, do hereby give notice that it is my intention to apply to tho Justices sitting at the Court of Petty Sessions, to be holden at Ballarat on the 11th day of July, 1868, for a Certificate authorising the issue of " a Publican's License for a house situated at Skipton street, Ballarat, to be known as the Royal Navy Hotel, containing bar, four sitting-rooms, and ten bedrooms, and at present unlicensed.[8]

Her application was opposed by the congregation of the church next to the hotel:

An application was made by Mr Walsh on behalf of Sarah Parker, for a publican's license for an hotel in Armstrong street, formerly known as the All Nation's hotel. A petition was lodged against the application. Mr Mann appeared to oppose on behalf of the clergyman and congregation of the Ebenezer Church. The case was allowed to stand over till Tuesday.[9]

Mr Walsh renewed his application for a license for the All Nations hotel on behalf of Sarah Parker. Mr Mann appeared to oppose on the part of the trustees of the Ebenezer Church, Armstrong street. John Ramsay, one of the trustees, was examined, and stated he believed if a license was granted it would have the [effect of interfering with divine service in the Ebenezer Church.—Application granted.[10]

In January 1870 she was granted the license to the Waverley Hotel at Brownsvale.[11]

In April 1870 she was declared to be insolvent:

Sarah Parker,Golden Horn Hotel, Golden Lake, Brownsvale, hotelkeeper. Causes of insolvency: Falling off in business and bad debts; Liabilities, £247 1s. 7d. ; assets, £4 : deficiency, £243 1s. 7d.[12]

In August 1870 she was fined for trading without a license:

Police v Sarah Parker, for carrying on business at Brownsvale without a license; it being the second offence, the defendant was fined £10 and 5s costs.[13]

In August 1870 she applied to transfer the license of the Golden Horn Hotel at Brownsvale to William Lark.[14]

Sarah Parker applied for a publican's license at the Ballarat Licensing Court in September 1872, but the application was withdrawn.[15] The hotel was not named.

In September 1887 she was publican of the Belle Vue Hotel (possibly in Peel Street), Ballarat:

Sarah Parker, licensee of the Belle Vue hotel, pleaded guilty to a charge of Sunday trading, and was fined £2, with 10s costs.[16]

In June 1889 the license of the Dew Drop Inn in Humffray Street was transferred to her.[17] In October 1889 she had the hotel renamed to the Russell Square Hotel.

In December 1889 she transferred the license for the Russell Square Hotel to Peter Brown Lang.[18]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1862 'Advertising.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 2 September, p. 3, viewed 25 February, 2014,
  2. 1861 'ANNUAL PUBLICANS' LICENSE MEETING, SMYTHESDALE.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 22 June, p. 1 Supplement: SUPPLEMENT TO THE STAR., viewed 24 February, 2014,
  3. 1863 'SMYTHESDALE POLICE COURT.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 20 June, p. 4. , viewed 01 Oct 2018,
  4. 1866 'POLICE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 19 January, p. 2. , viewed 13 Aug 2018,
  5. 1866 'POLICE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 10 May, p. 3. , viewed 15 Aug 2019,
  6. 1866 'BROWNS AND SCARSDALE BOROUGH COUNCIL.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 30 April, p. 3. , viewed 15 Aug 2019,
  7. 1866 'REVENUE SEIZURES AT THE BLACK SWAN HOTEL, NEWTOWN, SCARSDALE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 15 May, p. 2. (SUPPLEMENT TO THE BALLARAT STAR), viewed 12 Aug 2019,
  8. 1868 'Advertising.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1870; 1914 - 1918), 4 July, p. 4, viewed 17 May, 2014,
  9. 1868 'POLICE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 13 July, p. 4. , viewed 15 Aug 2019,
  10. 1868 'POLICE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 15 July, p. 4. , viewed 15 Aug 2019,
  11. 1870 'POLICE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 22 January, p. 4. , viewed 02 Sep 2018,
  12. 1870 'NEW INSOLVENTS.', Leader (Melbourne, Vic. : 1862 - 1918, 1935), 30 April, p. 22. , viewed 19 Aug 2019,
  13. 1870 'POLICE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 5 August, p. 4. , viewed 16 Aug 2019,
  14. 1870 'POLICE.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 27 August, p. 4. , viewed 15 Aug 2019,
  15. 1872 'LICENSING BENCH.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 27 September, p. 4. , viewed 28 Dec 2018,
  16. 1887 'BALLARAT LICENSING COURT.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 3 September, p. 2. , viewed 08 Jun 2018,
  17. 1889 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 20 June, p. 2. , viewed 17 Aug 2019,
  18. 1889 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 7 December, p. 2. , viewed 12 Oct 2018,

External links[edit | edit source]