Union Hotel (Humffray Street)

From Hotels of Ballarat
For other hotels with the same or similar names, see Union Hotel.
Union Hotel
Picture needed
Town Ballarat
Street Humffray Street
Closed 1891
Known dates 1855-1891

The Union Hotel was in Ballarat East, Victoria, <1855-1891.

Site[edit | edit source]

The Union Hotel was in Humffray Street, Ballarat[1], at Bakery Hill.[2]

Background[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

In September 1855 a man was assaulted at the hotel:

John Ward was charged with assaulting William Nobb, at the Union Hotel, and fined 40s.[3]

In October 1856 a horse was reported missing from the hotel:

£2 Reward. STOLEN or strayed out of the stable of the Union Hotel, Bakery Hill, on the night of the 7th of October, a Brown Mare, branded H CN T near shoulder. The above reward will be given to anyone on delivery of the same at the above place. October 7th, 1856.[4]

The hotel was offered for sale in May 1857:

To Capitalists. The Union Hotel, Bakery Hill. A. P. BOWES has received instructions from Mr J. H. F. Spanhake, the proprietor, to sell by private contract, the above named Hotel, which is well and strongly built of hardwood, with shingled roof. The Hotel contains the bar, a private parlor and bed-room attached, a spacious dining-room 24 x 14, bagatelle-room 16 x 12, and seven bed-rooms, all of which are neatly furnished. Kitchen, stables, and other convenient buildings in the yard. The auctioneer begs to intimate that a man of business habits would in a short time realise a handsome fortune, the Caledonian and principal leads being within five minutes walk from the hotel. Further particulars may be obtained at the office of the Auctioneer, Main-road.[5]

In November 1862, Frederick Day died after tripping over a tree stump outside the hotel:

John Knipe, miner, of Little Bendigo, deposed that about nine o'clock p.m. on Monday, as he was returning home, he met the deceased and Thomas Greenwood, a miner, in the Eastern Station Hotel. They left there a few minutes afterwards to go home. The deceased and witness walked side by side on the footpath on the south side of Humffray street- Greenwood walking behind. They were walking leisurely and talking about New Zealand. After passing the door of the Union Hotel, the deceased tripped against a stump of a tree and he fell upon the stump-the edge coming in contact with the pit of his stomach. Witness put out his arm to catch him, but the deceased fell away from witness. He got up immediately afterwards and complained of his belly being hurt. He staggered out on the road, and then fell down. After a considerable time and with much persuasion Greenwood and witness got the deceased to the Red Bull Hotel, and into bed. Witness, on asking the deceased if he should go for a doctor, was told by him that he would be all right again. Witness then went home, and next morning found the deceased dangerously ill. Thomas Greenwood deposed in corroboration, and further stated that all three were perfectly sober. Witness was requested by the deceased not to inform his wife of what had happened. This injunction he did not obey...Witness and Dr Sutherland had been several times subsequently, but he gradually got worse, and died about eight o'clock on Thursday morning. A post mortem examination, made by Mr Dimock, revealed peritonitis, extending over the greater portion of the peritoneum, with serous effusions, and much tympanitis.[6]

In March 1875 fire destroyed the engine room of the Black Hill South Quartz Mining Company which was built on the property of the hotel:

A fire broke out at half-past five o'clock this morning in the engine-room of the Black Hill South Quartz Mining Company, by which that building was totally destroyed and other, damage done which will be found noted below. At twenty minutes to six Mr. Spanhake of the Union Hotel, upon whose premises the building was standing, was awakened by a roaring, sound, and upon, rushing out discovered that the engine house was in flames. He cried "fire" loudly and several neighbors ran at once to his assistance. A hose was kept upon the spot, and this was at once connected and used for the protection of surrounding buildings - the fire having got too firm a hold of the engine house to give any chance of saving that...The fire communicated with the kitchen of Mr. Spanhake's hotel, and although it was promptly stayed, very considerable loss and inconvenience will be occasioned.[7]

The original hotel was destroyed in a fire in February 1878:

The old Union hotel in Humffray street — one of the oldest relics of the earlier mining history of Ballarat — was burnt to the ground yesterday morning, about nine o'clock. The cause of the conflagration is, as usual, wrapt in mystery. Mrs Spanhake, the wife of the proprietor, first discovered a volume of smoke coming from the vicinity of the bar, and gave the alarm; but so quickly did the fire spread, that nothing was saved— not even a cash-box containing about £23. Both fire bells rang out an alarm, and the brigadiers were soon afterwards on the spot; but all they could do was to prevent the spread of the flames. Mr Spanhake is only partly covered by insurance.[8]

The publican, Henry Beckman, was fined in September 1886:

Henry Beckman, proprietor of the Union hotel, Humffray street, was fined £5, with 2s 6d costs, at the Town Court yesterday, for having the bar of his public house unlocked after prohibited hours. Defendant stated that he was not aware it was necessary to have the inner door of his bar locked.[9]

The hotel's license was reviewed in June 1888 by the Licensing Court:

Union hotel— Henry Beckman, licensee and owner. A wooden building with 11 rooms, five rooms in a separate building; fairly furnished and fairly well conducted; business chiefly a bar business, one lodger; four-stall stable.[10]

It was one of the 40 hotels closed in 1891 in Ballarat East as part of the changes to licensing laws.[11] The owners were paid £653 compensation for the closure of the business.[11][12]

Henry Beckman continued the business with a colonial wine license. In December 1896 this was transferred to Elsie Beckman, and Henry took over the license of the Cremorne Hotel in Eureka Street.[13]

Community Involvement[edit | edit source]

The People[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Licencing Court for Publicans," The Star, Thursday 19 June 1862, pg. 4, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66324943, (accessed January 19, 2014)
  2. 2.0 2.1 1857 'GENERAL ANNUAL LICENSING MEETING.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 13 June, p. 2. , viewed 11 Aug 2017, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66042654
  3. 1855 'POLICE COURT.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 22 September, p. 2. , viewed 28 Apr 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66038929
  4. 1856 'Advertising', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 11 October, p. 4. , viewed 19 Aug 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66039739
  5. 1857 'Advertising', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 7 May, p. 3. , viewed 08 May 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66042124
  6. 1862 'NEWS AND NOTES.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 15 November, p. 2. , viewed 06 Jan 2020, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66328724
  7. 1873 'FIRE AT BLACK HILL.', The Herald (Melbourne, Vic. : 1861 - 1954), 21 March, p. 3. , viewed 12 Dec 2021, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245369925
  8. 1878 'No title', The Ballarat Courier (Vic. : 1869 - 1880; 1914 - 1918), 14 February, p. 2. , viewed 05 Mar 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article211535403
  9. 9.0 9.1 1886 'No title', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 3 September, p. 2. , viewed 23 Dec 2021, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article210834800
  10. 10.0 10.1 1888 'HUMFFRAY STREET HOUSES.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 27 June, p. 4. , viewed 28 Sep 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article209443845
  11. 11.0 11.1 Hargreaves, John. Ballarat Hotels Past and Present, pg. 8, 1943, Ballarat
  12. 1891 'LOCAL OPTION IN BALLARAT EAST', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 21 September, p. 2. , viewed 01 Apr 2017, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article204315955
  13. 1896 'THE COURTS.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 16 December, p. 2. , viewed 03 Dec 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article207497374
  14. The Geelong, Ballarat, and Creswick's Creek commercial directory and almanac for 1856 : with a map of Geelong, 1856.
  15. 1858 'EASTERN POLICE COURT.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 16 June, p. 2. , viewed 01 Dec 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66048685
  16. 1859 'AFTERNOON SITTINGS.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 14 June, p. 3. , viewed 26 Aug 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66053609
  17. 1860 'LICENSING BENCH.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 23 May, p. 2. , viewed 09 Dec 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72466933
  18. 1861 'LICENSING SESSIONS.', The Star (Ballarat, Vic. : 1855 - 1864), 30 May, p. 1. (SUPPLEMENT TO THE STAR.), viewed 14 Jun 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66339578
  19. 1873 'LICENSING BENCH.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 23 December, p. 2. , viewed 09 Jun 2017, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article201608881
  20. 1884 'NEWS AND NOTES.', The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), 15 August, p. 2. , viewed 04 Jun 2021, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article201117265

External Links[edit | edit source]